People born this year:
Titles published this year:
Publishers started this year:
Happenings - real and fictional
7 January - Mantell UFO Incident
- Kentucky Air National Guard pilot crashed whilst in puruit of a UFO.
16 February - Discovery of Miranda
- The innermost of the large moons of Uranus discovered by Gerard Kuiper
1 April - Alpher-Bethe-Gamow paper published
- Paper published by Ralph Asher Alpher and George Gamow about the Big Bang.
9 May - Solar Eclipse
- Only visible in Japan and Korea for a short time.
3 June - Palomar Observatory completed
- Built in California
11 June - The First Monkey Astronaut
- Launched into space from White Sands, New Mexico
26 June - Original Patent for grown junction transistor
- Filed by William Shockley, Bell Labs
31 July - 'A Mathematical Theory of Communication' published.
- Claude Shannon's paper laid the foundations of digital communication.
10 October - First Soviet missile to enter space.
- R-1 missile was on test.
10 December - Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Adopted by the United Nations General Assembly
Also this year
- The last recorded sighting of the Caspian Tiger, in Kazakhstan.